Help Drafting Assignments Working on all assignments drafts needed CJ513Unit 6 DQTopic 1: The Future of TerrorismWhat do you consider the most critic

Help Drafting Assignments Working on all assignments drafts needed CJ513

Unit 6 DQ

Topic 1: The Future of Terrorism

What do you consider the most critic

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Help Drafting Assignments Working on all assignments drafts needed CJ513

Unit 6 DQ

Topic 1: The Future of Terrorism

What do you consider the most critical issues in terrorism moving into the future? What should be the primary focus of those tasked with protecting against terrorist attacks? Be sure to include specific examples based on what you have learned throughout this course.

Topic 1 Student Response #1 (Respond to David)

David Carusotto

Hello All,

I think the most critical issue of terrorism in the future is going to be cyber terrorism. If a person can commit a terrorist act from a computer from halfway across the world, this is a massive issue that cybersecurity will have to manage. Cyber terrorism has the ability to cause mass panic and destruction through information technology (Bezdrob, 2019). This can cause social panic because people can not see the terrorist attack take place. The disruption of civil infrastructure can be done behind closed doors and has the ability to shut down everything from power to the economy (Muhic, 2019). If the economy is targeted, such as the stock market, this can cause global disruption of the markets and cause total global panic. The primary focus to stopping these attacks would be to catch the subjects before committing these crimes (Muhic, 2019). This would fall on every country worldwide to police their own countries to make sure these events are not happening inside their territories. This can be a challenge asking all countries in the world to do this, seeing as how some of cyberterrorism is state-funded (Bezdrob, 2019). State-funded terrorism in itself is a disparaging issue to deal with alone, but knowing that a country is funding terrorist organizations, how can one count on them to stop the problem? The answer is that you can not. World leaders need to develop a way to ensure that cyber terrorism is at the forefront of issues and dedicate the correct amount of resources to provide protection to the people of the world.  

Thank you,

Dave

Bezdrob, E. (2019). Cyber terrorism. Journal of Criminal Justice, Criminology and Security Studies, 1(5), 217-226.

Muhic, E. (2019). Cyber terrorism as new way of warfare: Secondary case analysis of “Stuxnet” and theoretical approach to cyber terrorism. Journal of Criminal Justice and Security Studies, 1(5), 227-243. 

Topic 1 Student Response #2 (Respond to Damon)

Damon Bradshaw

 The Future of Terrorism

Terrorist groups will exploit weak governance and societal fragmentation to gain power and push their ideologies through violence. In the next 15 to 20 years, intrastate and regional conflicts, democratic reduction, environmental degradation, and demographic pressures are most likely to intensify the social, economic, and political grievances terrorists have abused for long to get more supporters and safe havens for their plotting, training, and organizing. These accelerate the effects and intensity that are irregular across various countries and regions, probably fostering rural to urban migration, which strains the state resources and lessening local and global efforts of counterterrorism (Reed, 2017). The biggest and most persistent local and international threat is likely to be global jihadist groups. These groups benefit from ideologies that promise utopian future, from solid organizational structures and their capability to exploit large areas that are poorly governed or ungoverned, particularly in South Asia, the Middle East, and Africa.

The rise of extreme right-wing and left-wing terrorists may revive in various regions. For instance, they may promote anti-government and anti-environment views in Europe, North America, and Latin America, among other areas (Ravndal, 2018). Insurgent groups and other communal conflicts will continue to foster terrorism. Some groups will wax and wane as they are defeated, while others will continue to carry out cross-border attacks. The growing Shia alliance between Iran and Lebanon might increase attacks on the US, Israel, and Saudi Arabia. Most terrorist attacks in the next two decades will still involve the use of weapons similar to those used in today’s world, such as improvised explosive devices and small arms. However, with the development of more effective remote attack methods, terrorists may carry out high-profile attacks (Haas & Fischer, 2017). Terrorists can also acquire other weapons and approaches that can allow them to carry out mass-casualty attacks. For instance, ISIS has already utilized crewless aerial vehicles for the attack. Autonomous cars with AI systems could help a terrorist attack multiple targets in the same incident. Despite the challenges posed by inadequate governance, technological advances in surveillance technology are expected to help governments fight against terrorists. These tools will allow them to collect vast amounts of data and improve their ability to identify and disrupt terrorist activities.

Haas, M. C., & Fischer, S. C. (2017). The evolution of targeted killing practices: Autonomous weapons, future conflict, and the international order. Contemporary Security Policy, 38(2), 281-306.

Ravndal, J. A. (2018). Right-wing terrorism and militancy in the Nordic countries: A comparative case study. Terrorism and Political Violence, 30(5), 772-792.

Reed, A. (2017). Counter-terrorism strategic communications: Back to the future–lessons from past and present. In Terrorists’ Use of the Internet (pp. 269-278). IOS Press.

Topic 1 Student Response #3 (Respond to Travis)

Travis Reed

Good Morning Y’all

What do you consider the most critical issues in terrorism moving into the future?

As a result of the increased incidents of terrorism all around the world, the future is a great risk of more extremist terrorism with terrorist groups target large numbers of people per attack. This will create more fear, tension, and terror amongst people around the world affecting their normal culture (GRASSI, nd). People will not be able to move freely or do daily activities as usual. In addition, most economies will be greatly impacted as in the case of most countries in the Middle East. This is because of the increased intensity of destruction of property and lives by the new terrorism wave, causing market uncertainties, loss of tourism, and xenophobia (GRASSI, nd).  For example to continuous terrorism attacks in countries such as Iraq and Pakistan, the countries economic growth has continually decreased for years. People especially those from different religious faith leave in fear of attacks and their number have also decreased greatly. 

 

What should be the primary focus of those tasked with protecting against terrorist attacks? 

The key goal of government leaders and organizations tasked to combat terrorism should be implementing strict policies that counter-terrorism and ensuring that even the regions where extremist groups are based adhere to the principles set (GRASSI nd). In addition, recognizing Muslim and Arab communities and their reliance on satellite media would help combat these acts (GRASSI, nd). Finally, more awareness, knowledge, and hope should be offered to highly affected regions such as Middle East countries to educate people on the harms of terrorism.

  

References

GRASSI, M. TERRORISM IN THE FUTURE: STRATEGIES AND METHODS TO      ELIMINATE, PREVENT AND MANAGE ATTACKS OF THE NEW TERRORISM Sabrina MAGRIS.

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Reed

Topic 2: Course Reflection

Please reflect on the previous units and post a brief essay that addresses the following questions:

· What prior knowledge did you bring to this course?

· What were the most important new ideas you encountered, and how did they change your understanding of criminology?

· Do you feel you have met the outcomes in your work on this course? Is there any outcome with which you feel you still need support or assistance?

· What have you learned from your discussions and collaborations with your fellow students?

· In what specific ways can you use the knowledge you have gained in this course in your chosen profession? What are your strengths and opportunities for growth in this area?

· What questions or concerns do you have about what you have studied?

· What areas of the subject would you like to continue to explore, and why?

Topic 2 Student Response #1 (Respond to Damon)

Damon Bradshaw

Course Reflection

Before starting this course, the knowledge I had revolved around the various categories of terrorism: left-wing, right-wing, state, and non-state-sponsored terrorism. I had some knowledge on what cyberterrorism entails, even though I gained more knowledge by the end of this course in the mentioned areas. The most important ideas I came across in this course are the main differences between cybercrime and cyberterrorism and state- and non-state-sponsored terrorism. By further reading into these branches of terrorism, I realized that terrorism involves people having guns and grenades attacking others and encompasses cyber warfare, which is conducted over the internet to bring the government’s operations down. Likewise, I had a better understanding of how countries are involved in terrorist activities directly or indirectly by sponsoring terrorist groups. I feel I had achieved all the learning outcomes set when this course commenced and understanding the main reasons for and the associated implications with the lack of a general definition of terrorism.

My prior knowledge, in addition to the information gathered during this course, I am in a position to differentiate the different types of terrorism and their effects on society. This knowledge will prepare me to face my chosen profession. I have concerns about the direction and future of terrorism with the advancements in artificial intelligence and the development of fully autonomous weapons. With the advancing technology, one is left wondering how much of an impact and influence they will have in a major world war. I want to explore cyberterrorism further as I believe future warfare will be fought more online than physically.

Topic 2 Student Response #2 (Respond to David)

David Carusotto

Hello All,

Before starting this course, I had a little bit of knowledge regarding terrorism based on my career in law enforcement, but as I quickly found out was that I knew nothing as we dove deeper and deeper into the topic of terrorism. The most important ideas that I encountered were the threat of state-funded terrorism. Before this course, I never knew that this problem existed. I am very thankful for the discussion boards, as they allowed every student to present a new subtopic to the class. Many of the discussion boards were open-ended and allowed the students to focus on a topic of their choice. This gave all other students the ability to learn a vast array of topics each week. I will utilize the knowledge that I have gained in this course throughout my whole career in law enforcement. Being a local police officer, we do not encounter terrorism daily, but the threat of terrorism will always be there. There may be a time when my community is directly affected by a terrorist act, and I will be able to recognize what is happening and how to react to such an attack. Currently, I do not have any questions about the material. Dr. Dunker did a great job covering the topics as well as the class readings gave students a great idea of the different concepts of terrorism. As time goes on, I would love to continue to explore left, and right-wing terrorism as this has become a significant threat within the United States as many groups are becoming divided over specific issues. Thank you for a great term!

Thank you,

Dave

Topic 2 Student Response #3 (Respond to Elizabeth)

Elizabeth Stuart

Going into this class, I did not know much about terrorism. Most of what I knew was based on perceptions perpetuated by the media. Some of the valuable knowledge I gained was the different motivations for terrorists. Knowing that political, religious, and social reasons can cause people to act radically is beneficial for me as a law enforcement member. I also learned ways to recognize and identify potential terrorist threats. While I do not deal with terrorism much in my job, it certainly is important to know how to deal with it if and when the time comes. I really enjoyed the discussions because I learned a lot about my classmates’ experiences. The group assignment in particular has given me a new perspective on how other people work. Generally speaking, I would love to study terrorism more. The topic in general is so broad and there are many avenues to explore. Learning about terrorist motivations made me realize these reasons are not so different from non-radicals’ motivations. It may not take much for someone to become an extremist depending on their beliefs and level of passion. Furthermore, I would be interested in studying the progression of an individual who turns to terrorism. For example, at what point does a person decide committing a terrorist act is their only option? This topic would be informative on how to intercept the process so the individual does not resort to violence


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